Nobel Prize Physics 2010 The 2010 Nobel prize in natural philosophy has gone to the discoverers of a canvas of carbon atoms merely a unmarried mote thick that has proven to have remarkable props. The trophy was awarded to physicists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, both of the University of Manchester in England, “for groundbreaking experiments viewing the two dimensional fabric graphene,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences denoted Oct 5.
The cloth is made of carbon atoms set up in a honeycomb figure, shaping a single layer so thin that it’s closely gauze like. Nobel prize in Physics 2010 For such a humble cloth, graphene displays some noteworthy properties : It bears negatrons with extremely low immunity, can guide heat 10 times better than atomic number 29 and presents strange quantum effects. Graphene is too flexile and stronger than steel.
“It’s an amazing small cloth,” enounces physicist Joseph Stroscio of the NIST’s Gaithersburg, Md., campus.
In a paper printed in Science in 2004, Geim, Novoselov and their coauthors delineated pulling out a undivided layer of carbon atoms from plumbago, the same cloth in a pencil (SN : 10 23 04, p. 259). (A speedy grocery list dashed off with a pencil might hold in miniscule sums of graphene, as a matter of fact.) That technically needing effort kicked off acute inquiry as scientists hied to characterise the outlandish material. In the six twelvemonths since its uncovering, almost 50,000 inquiry papers on graphene have been written.
A plane canvass of carbon atoms set up in a honeycomb lattice has impressive props.
Credit : Alexander Alus.
Graphene may shape the basis for fresh kinds of electronics, see through displays, efficient solar panels or still lightweight plastic composite materials for utilisation in aerospace and other applications.
“When you couple it with all of the coatings, that’s what flogs physicists into a delirium,” Stroscio enounces. “I’d like to consider a high velocity graphene electronic transistor in my cell phone.” .
Nobel prize in Physics 2010 Geim and Novoselov will split the prize money, worth about $1.5 million.